They will have to be ready to discuss the independence agenda. The German administrative station at Kieta, established in 1905, was preceded by a Marist mission, which succeeded in converting a majority of the islanders to Catholicism. The Bougainville Government is about to start repossessing government assets in Arawa as it strives to restore services in the autonomous Papua New Guinea region. [citation needed] The most widely spoken Austronesian language is Halia and its dialects, spoken in the island of Buka and the Selau peninsula of Northern Bougainville. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. The conflict involved pro-independence and loyalist Bougainvillean groups as well as the PNGDF. The colonial period saw significant changes in the culture of the islanders.[21]. After interim elections to fill the remainder of his term, John Momis was elected as president in 2010 for a five-year term. The Buka Passage divides Buka from Bougainville Island. It is an island with vast untapped potential for tourism with magnificently rugged, jungled terrain and amazing coral reefs offshore. [15] A German protectorate over the northern islands was established later that year, but the British Solomon Islands Protectorate was not established until 1893. They just voted 97.7% to vote in favour of independence. In 1996, Prime Minister Sir Julius Chan hired Sandline International, a private military company previously involved in supplying mercenaries in the civil war in Sierra Leone, to put down the rebellion. Bougainville Island (which is slightly larger than Cyprus in terms of area) and the smaller Buka Island that is adjacent to it, and that has the capital which bears the same name, is located in the northern part of the Solomon Islands archipelago in the southern Pacific, and is part of Papua New Guinea (PNG), the largest state in Oceania. For general communication most Bougainvilleans use Tok Pisin as a lingua franca, and at least in the coastal areas Tok Pisin is often learned by children in a bilingual environment. Bougainvillean separatism dates to the 1960s, and the Republic of North Solomons was declared shortly before the independence of Papua New Guinea in 1975; it was subsumed into Papua New Guinea the following year. [17], The German Solomon Islands were administered through German New Guinea, although it took almost two decades for an administrative presence to be established. The Constitution of Bougainville specifies that the Autonomous Bougainville Government shall consist of three branches:[27], President John Momis confirmed that Bougainville would hold a non-binding independence referendum in 2019. Understand . The current boundary between PNG and Solomon Islands is derived from the Tripartite Convention of 1899, which saw those islands ceded to the United Kingdom. The name of the region originates from French admiral Louis Antoine de Bougainville,[8] who reached it in 1768. The majority of economic growth comes from agriculture and aquaculture. A former surveyor with Bougainville Copper, Ona was a key figure in the secessionist conflict and had refused to formally join the island's peace process. [18] The first fully commercial plantation was established in 1908, but German annexation had little economic impact. In 2011, the region had an estimated population of 250,000 people. In 1942, Bougainville was invaded by the Japanese in order to provide a support base for the operations elsewhere in the South-West Pacific. For all your travel needs consult MK Business Consultants which provide reliable travel arrangements services. This content is not available in your region, Researcher at the Lowy Institute in Sydney. Bougainville Island, easternmost island of Papua New Guinea, in the Solomon Sea, southwestern Pacific.With Buka Island and several island groups, it forms the autonomous region of Bougainville. [39] A number of Bougainvilleans have played for the Papua New Guinea national rugby league team, including Bernard Wakatsi, Joe Katsi, Lauta Atoi, and Chris Siriosi. Jason Scott , November 20, 2019, 4:00 PM EST Papua New Guinea province to … Disputes by regional residents with the company over adverse environmental impacts, failure to share financial benefits, and negative social changes brought by the mine resulted in a local revival for a secessionist movement that had been dormant. The largest island is Bougainville Island, while the region also includes Buka Island and a number of outlying islands and atolls. And, if the poll goes as expected, Bougainville could become the world’s next country. To gain autonomy, there still are two stages to go through for Bougainville. Bannoni and Torau are Austronesian languages not closely related to the former, which are spoken in the coastal areas of central and south Bougainville. The Bougainville conflict ended in 1997, after negotiations brokered by New Zealand. Bougainville, officiellement région autonome de Bougainville, est une région autonome de la Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée. At the background is Crown Prince Range where former giant Rio Tinto's Panguna Gold & Copper mine is located. [13] Both Austronesian and non-Austronesian languages are spoken on the islands to this day, however there has been significant mixing between the populations to the point that cultural and genetic differences are no longer correlated with language. The majority of people on Bougainville are Christian, an estimated 70% being Roman Catholic and a substantial minority being of the Protestant United Church of Papua New Guinea since 1968. [49], Districts and Local Level Government Areas. In 1768, French admiral Louis Antoine de Bougainville sailed along the east coast of the island that now bears his name. As Bougainville is rich in copper and gold, a large mine had been established at Panguna in the early 1970s by Bougainville Copper Limited, a subsidiary of Rio Tinto. Bougainville could become the 194th member of the United Nations as well as the "youngest" country in the world, since the independence of South Sudan in 2011. Bougainville: The World’s Next Country? [37][38], Rugby league in Bougainville is administered by the Bougainville Rugby Football League (BRFL), which is affiliated with the Papua New Guinea Rugby Football League (PNGRFL). Bougainville has been inhabited by humans for at least 29,000 years. This vote was for "your peace, your history and your future" he said, and has demonstrated "the power of the pen against weapons". With an autonomous region of Bougainville is the largest of the region was known as region... 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